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watch out for these 5 highly TOXIC species (here’s how to spot them)

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To avoid any poisoning after your mushroom picking, pay particular attention to the following 5 species.

In the fall, mushroom picking is a true tradition. However, this must be done with the greatest caution, because each year there are more than 1,000 poisonings linked to their consumption. Sometimes this is due to confusion between an edible species and another, which is toxic. To help you see things more clearly before getting started, here is a small selection of mushrooms which are toxic, and which can even be fatal.

How do you know if a mushroom is edible or not?

Before knowing whether a mushroom is edible or not, it is essential to find out. The best way to do this is to equip yourself with an illustrated identification book. Otherwise, there are several free applications that you can download to your smartphone, which also allow you to identify potentially toxic species. The best way not to make a mistake is to opt for common mushrooms, and otherwise, to carefully analyze each step so as not to come across an inedible species.

Which mushrooms are highly toxic?

Some amanitas

According to our colleagues at My Garden & My House, eight species of amanita are fatal to humans. For example, the amanita phalloides is particularly dangerous. The same goes for amanita virosa, amanita bisporigera, or even amanita ocreata. Generally speaking, consuming amanitas is strongly discouraged, as they can cause stomach aches, heart problems or even strong hallucinations.


Fly agarics (Amanita muscaria)

Photo credit: Shutterstock

The marginalized galley

Another highly toxic mushroom, the margined galley which is a poisonous species. This would even contain even more toxic substances than the amanita phalloides. Consuming it causes severe liver damage and vomiting, diarrhea, hypothermia and death if nothing is done to combat this. poisoning.

marginal galley

The marginalized galley.

Photo credit: Shutterstock

The Satan Bolete

A mushroom recognized by its characteristic red base, the Satan boletus can be toxic in certain cases. Indeed, it can cause nausea, diarrhea and vomiting, but its toxicity varies depending on the person. Generally, a healthy adult can tolerate it, but it is best not to eat it.

satan boletus

The Satan boletus.

Photo credit: Shutterstock

The gyromitra esculenta

This species looks exactly like morels, and confusion is unfortunately quite easy. This mushroom is toxic to humans, and even fatal if eaten raw. Its consumption can cause neurological disorders, such as Charcot disease, and damage to the liver and kidneys, which can be fatal. In France, its sale is now prohibited.

Gyromitra esculenta

The gyromitra esculenta.

Photo credit: Shutterstock

Some lepiotes

Like amanitas, some lepiotes can be toxic or even fatal. You should be particularly wary of the brown lepiota, which is said to be as toxic as the phalloides amanita, and causes dizziness, respiratory problems and acute gastroenteritis. Even if you think you are cured, the liver cells are destroyed. Other lepiotes are dangerous such as the crimson lepiote, fortunately not very present in our territory, but also the Josserand lepiote, whose base is cream or salmon pink in color.

helveola lepiote

Helveola lepiote.

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